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Spendenkonto
Sparkasse Berlin
BLZ 100 500 00
Kto.-Nr. 0190 205 741

Ihre Spende fließt an den Förderverein Gedenkstätte Berlin-Hohenschönhausen, der damit unsere Arbeit unterstützt. Vielen Dank!

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Soviet remand prison
UBoot
The "Submarine" in the cellar of the former
Soviet remand prison.


In winter 1946/7, the Soviet authorities converted the former Special Camp No. 3 into the main Soviet Secret Police prison for detention and interrogation in Germany. The conversion of the former canteen and food store was carried out by prison labour, who constructed the underground cell section that prisoners dubbed the "U-Boot" ("the submarine"). The small cells were damp and cold, only furnished with a wooden bed and a bucket as a toilet. The light in the cells was on both day and night. Generally, interrogations tended to be at night, and often accompanied by threats and physical violence. Later, former prisoners reported how confessions had been extracted after sleep deprivation, standing for hours on end, being kept under close arrest, or being confined in water cells. Apart from people suspected of having been part of the National Socialist apparatus, those imprisoned were primarily thought to be potential political opponents: members of the democratic political parties such as the Socialist SPD, the Christian Democrat CDU, and the liberal LPDP. But the prison also contained numerous communists and Soviet officers accused of being disloyal to the Party. Later, Soviet Military Tribunals sentenced the vast majority of prisoners to long terms of forced labour. After the SED Party dictatorship collapsed, it was possible to apply for rehabilitation. The Russian military Director of Public Prosecutions has found that nearly all those applying to have their cases reopened were innocent.
 
Political prisoners today

Political prisoners today

In cooperation with
amnesty international

The Prohibited District
Proh.District
The Stasi Restricted Area Berlin-Hohenschönhausen

Please note that, as yet, it is only possible to tour the Memorial in a group - click here for details